Grenada, or the "ISLE OF SPICE", is the most southerly of the Windward Islands, situated about 100 miles (160 km) north of the coast of Venezuela in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Grenada covers a total land area of 133 square miles (345 square km). Volcanic in origin, Grenada is covered by a thick forest with the highest point reaching 2,757 feet (840 m) at Mount St. Catherine. The country of Grenada composes of 3 Island: Grenada, Petite Martinique and Carraicou.
The hurricane or "rainy" season begins from June to December, and Dry seasons for the other months. Grenada's fertile black soil supports rich tropical vegetation; bananas, limes, mangoes, coconuts, breadfruit. nutmeg, dasheen, calaloo, and many other fruits and vegetables that grow in abundance. The country is best known for its production of spices such as nutmeg, cinnamon, hot pepper, cloves, ginger, vanilla and cocoa. Animal life, apart from domestic livestock (cattle, sheep, goats and pigs), include the: Mona monkey, agouti, armadillo, mongoose, turtles, land crabs, lizards, snakes, frogs, toads, and numerous insects.
Facts and Figures
Population: 108,000 (2016), Literacy: 85%, Official Language: English, Capital: St Georges, Economy: Developing Market Economy dependent on agricultural exports and tourism, Religion: Non-religious/Other 3.7%, Hindu: 0.7% Islam: 0.4% Christians: 92.4% (out of which only 18.9% is Evangelical). (Information sourced from joshuaproject.net)
The Carib Indians occupied Grenada when founded in 1498 by Christopher Columbus. For 150 years after Columbus, the Caribs were the only ones in Grenada. In 1650 the French established a settlement in St. George's. Hostilities between the Caribs and the French broke out almost immediately as the French tried to extend control over the whole island. Determined not to submit to French rule, the Caribs fought a succession of losing battles ultimately ending in the last surviving Caribs jumping to their death over a precipice on the north of the island. The French named the spot "Le Morne de Sauteurs," or "Leapers Hill" known today as Sauteurs.
In 1672 the island became subject to the French until 1762, when British forces invaded. Grenada remained in British control from 1762 until 1974. On Feb. 7, 1974, Grenada became an independent state. In 1979 Cubans started arriving in Grenada and by 1983 Grenada was pressured to become a communist nation. The USA came in upon hearing the possible spread of communism and extinguished the flame from catching. Today Grenada remains to be independant with a proud heritage and a rich culture.